Subjects & Disciplines
- Earth Science
- describe how human developments have changed the natural water cycle
- describe how wastewater can be used to recharge an aquifer
- explain the difference between porosity and permeability within the context of water movement
- explain how the permeability of a sediment affects water movement
- predict where water will accumulate based on topography and permeability
- predict the location of aquifers based on a given topography
- predict what types of rocks/sediments will form aquifers
- create a good scientific argument in the context of freshwater availability
- describe the locations of fresh water on Earth
- explain why fresh water is considered a renewable resource
- describe how humans have affected freshwater supplies on Earth
- describe the relationship between freshwater distribution and populations
- list direct and indirect uses of fresh water
- describe some of the costs and benefits of putting dams on rivers and streams
- describe how water moves between the ground and surface water bodies depending on the level of the water table
- describe the effects on a stream of withdrawing too much water
- Multimedia instruction
- Self-directed learning
- Self-paced learning
- Visual instruction
21st Century Student Outcomes
- Information, Media, and Technology Skills
- Learning and Innovation Skills
- 21st Century Themes
Critical Thinking Skills
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Internet access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per learner, 1 computer per pair, 1 computer per small group, Interactive whiteboard, Projector
- Computer lab
- Media Center/Library
- Heterogeneous grouping
- Homogeneous grouping
- Large-group instruction
- Small-group instruction
Recommended Prior Lessons
the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).
an underground layer of rock or earth which holds groundwater.
solid rock beneath the Earth's soil and sand.
to state as the truth.
type of sedimentary rock that is able to be shaped when wet.
process by which water vapor becomes liquid.
layer of water-bearing rock between two layers of less permeable rock.
management of a natural resource to prevent exploitation, destruction, or neglect.
structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water.
to eject or get rid of.
to break up or disintegrate.
process by which liquid water becomes water vapor.
data that can be measured, observed, examined, and analyzed to support a conclusion.
having to do with a habitat or ecosystem of a lake, river, or spring.
water that is not salty.
small stones or pebbles.
water found in an aquifer.
a mathematical model that requires extensive computational resources to study the behavior of a complex system by computer simulation.
having to do with local government.
for each individual.
allowing liquid and gases to pass through.
the number of people living in a set area, such as a square mile.
the ratio of the volume of all the pores, or holes, in an object and the object's total mass.
full of tiny holes, or able to be permeated by water.
all forms in which water falls to Earth from the atmosphere.
type of igneous rock with many pores.
to renew or restore to a previous condition.
natural or man-made lake.
overflow of fluid from a farm or industrial factory.
small, loose grains of disintegrated rocks.
small sediment particles.
body of flowing water.
use of resources in such a manner that they will never be exhausted.
collection of items or organisms that are linked and related, functioning as a whole.
process of comprehending and communicating complex, related sets of information and interactions.
the shape of the surface features of an area.
evaporation of water from plants.
layer of water-bearing rock covered by permeable rock.
process in which there is an increase in the number of people living and working in a city or metropolitan area.
movement of water between atmosphere, land, and ocean.
process by which water on the ground surface or atmosphere enters the soil.
underground area where the Earth's surface is saturated with water. Also called water level.
For Further Exploration
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: aquifer
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: watershed
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: wetland
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: reservoir
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: river
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: lake
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: water table
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: iceberg
- National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry: basin
- National Geographic Education: Earth's Freshwater
- National Geographic: Freshwater Facts and Tips