- use scientific terminology to describe the ecological principles occurring in a variety of marine ecosystems
- infer that different marine ecosystems are characterized by the same ecological processes, including interdependence, niche selection, and adaptation
- describe specific ways in which species, populations, and communities of organisms are interdependent and interact with one another and with their environment
- describe possible ecological relationships between species that live in close proximity to each other
- define symbiotic relationships as mutualistic, parasitic, or commensalistic
- classify symbiotic relationships
- describe the abiotic and biotic components of a marine ecosystem
- list several marine organisms and explain their trophic relationships using a food web
- describe the adaptations and niches of several marine organisms
- predict the effects abiotic changes or trophic imbalances might have upon an ecosystem as a whole
- discuss ways in which humans interact with and impact marine ecosystems
- Cooperative learning
- Hands-on learning
- Information organization
- Visual instruction
- 21st Century Student Outcomes
Critical Thinking Skills
- Geographic Skills
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Internet access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers
- Plug-Ins: Flash
- Large-group instruction
- Small-group instruction
Before starting the activity, download and queue up all of the videos.
Using the MapMaker Kit Assembly video as a guide, print, laminate, and assemble the Water Planet Mega Map before starting this activity.
- the interactions between biotic and abiotic ecosystem components
- interactions between biotic and abiotic ecosystem components
- ecological principles related to food webs, adaptations, niche selection, symbioses
- ecological principles related to food webs, adaptations, niche selection, and symbioses
Recommended Prior Lessons
a modification of an organism or its parts that makes it more fit for existence. An adaptation is passed from generation to generation.
species at the top of the food chain, with no predators of its own. Also called an alpha predator or top predator.
the deepest ocean zone, below 914 meters (3,000 feet). Also known as the midnight or bathypelagic zone.
organism that can produce its own food and nutrients from chemicals in the atmosphere, usually through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.
all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.
relationship between organisms where one organism benefits from the association while not harming the other.
organism that breaks down dead organic material.
community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.
group of organisms linked in order of the food they eat, from producers to consumers, and from prey, predators, scavengers, and decomposers.
all related food chains in an ecosystem. Also called a food cycle.
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
community of living and nonliving things in the ocean.
relationship between organisms of different species, in which both organisms benefit from the association.
role and space of a species within an ecosystem.
relationship between organisms where one organism (a parasite) lives or feeds on the other, usually causing harm.
animal that hunts other animals for food.
animal that is hunted and eaten by other animals.
two or more distinct organisms living together for the benefit of one or both.
one of three positions on the food chain: autotrophs (first), herbivores (second), and carnivores and omnivores (third).