Subjects & Disciplines
- Use the engineering design process to ask questions to identify problems that need to be solved.
- Use a model to understand why they should cover coughs and sneezes.
- Identify and represent ways that germs spread during the school day.
- Use the engineering design process to research solutions that stop the spread of germs.
- Explain how using soap in handwashing gets rid of germs.
- Consider obstacles to using common solutions that slow or stop the spread of germs.
- Use the engineering design process to imagine possible solutions.
- Know what guidelines to use when brainstorming solutions and how to brainstorm collaboratively.
- Project-based learning
- Simulations and games
- 21st Century Student Outcomes
- 21st Century Themes
Critical Thinking Skills
Science and Engineering Practices
- Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)
- Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)
- Developing and using models
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
- Planning and carrying out investigations
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Internet access: Optional
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom
You may want to have students choose their problem or context during the previous activity, Getting Rid of Gross Germs, so that you can organize students into their project groups before this activity begins.
Students will work in these groups of three or four for the rest of the unit to collaborate on a solution to their chosen problem.
- Heterogeneous grouping
- Large-group instruction
- Small-group work
Pair students with each other for the research step. Ensure that at least one student per pair is able to read the text independently.
Step 2: Provide students with three to four minutes to brainstorm individually before working in groups to provide all students a chance to bring ideas to the group.
Recommended Prior Lessons
obstacle or object that prevents movement.
to discuss a problem and suggest solutions or ideas
set of facts having to do with a specific event or situation.
to clean and remove harmful microorganisms.
image or impression of an object used to represent the object or system.
scientific observations and investigation into a subject, usually following the scientific method: observation, hypothesis, prediction, experimentation, analysis, and conclusion.
an answer to a problem.
a recorded number of items.
For Further Exploration
Articles & Profiles
- Teach Engineering: Engineering Design Process
- NPR: Hands-Free Faucets Can Harbor Nasty Germs
- Johns Hopkins: Latest Hands-Free Electronic Water Faucets Found to Be Hindrance, Not Help, in Hospital Infection Control