Subjects & Disciplines
- Earth Science
- English Language Arts
- learn the locations of major rivers, mountain ranges, and vegetation of Europe
- explore how these physical features line up with country borders in Europe
- delineate major drainage basins in Europe
- explore how countries within a drainage basin are connected by trade, transportation, and water use
- consider how country borders can intersect physical features in different ways and discuss how this intersection can lead to cooperation or conflict
- Cooperative learning
- Hands-on learning
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Internet access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector
- Large-group instruction
- Small-group instruction
Before starting the activity, make transparencies of key maps. Print the following maps on transparency paper: Physical Map of Europe, Natural Vegetation of Europe, and Country Borders in Europe.
Recommended Prior Lessons
the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching).
area of the planet which can be classified according to the plant and animal life in it.
natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land.
land covered by evergreen trees in cool, northern latitudes. Also called taiga.
all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time.
edge of land along the sea or other large body of water.
one of the seven main land masses on Earth.
geographic territory with a distinct name, flag, population, boundaries, and government.
area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation a year.
an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Also called a watershed.
long, narrow ocean inlet between steep slopes.
ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush.
study of places and the relationships between people and their environments.
mass of ice that moves slowly over land.
plateau or elevated region of land.
usable energy generated by moving water converted to electricity.
distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees.
slow-flowing river ecosystem usually found in lower altitudes.
symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface.
landmass that forms as tectonic plates interact with each other.
series or chain of mountains that are close together.
a material that humans take from the natural environment to survive, to satisfy their needs, or to trade with others.
large body of salt water that covers most of the Earth.
piece of land jutting into a body of water.
naturally occurring geographic characteristics.
flat, smooth area at a low elevation.
introduction of harmful materials into the environment.
all forms in which water falls to Earth from the atmosphere.
any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. Regions are the basic units of geography.
large stream of flowing fresh water.
base level for measuring elevations. Sea level is determined by measurements taken over a 19-year cycle.
dry, flat grassland with no trees and a cool climate.
land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
movement of people or goods from one place to another.
stream that feeds, or flows, into a larger stream.
cold, treeless region in Arctic and Antarctic climates.
all the plant life of a specific place.
entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries.
For Further Exploration
Articles & Profiles
- National Geographic Education: Europe—Physical Geography
- National Geographic Education: Europe—Resources
- NG MapMaker 1-Page Map: Europe
- National Geographic Education: Europe MapMaker Kit
- NG MapMaker Interactive: Europe
- NG Education: MapMaker Interactive: Europe—Land Cover
- NG Education: MapMaker Interactive: Europe—Satellite Map