Subjects & Disciplines
- list the criteria and conditions required for weather events to occur
- describe weather conditions on other planets in our solar system
- describe climate, or weather patterns
- determine which instruments would be helpful on other planets
- use peer review to strengthen the design
- Cooperative learning
- Hands-on learning
- Multimedia instruction
- Simulations and games
- Visual instruction
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Internet access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers
- Plug-Ins: Flash
- Large-group instruction
- Small-group instruction
In 2006, the status of Pluto was changed from a planet to a dwarf planet. A dwarf planet is not gravitationally dominant. It shares orbital space with other bodies of similar sizes.
- extreme weather conditions
- planets in our solar system
- tools used to measure weather
- the function of space probes
Recommended Prior Lessons
force pressed on an object by air or atmosphere.
a device that measures wind speed.
layers of gases surrounding a planet or other celestial body.
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.
storm with high winds, intense cold, heavy snow, and little rain.
weather pattern of wind blowing dust over large regions of land.
person who plans the building of things, such as structures (construction engineer) or substances (chemical engineer).
rare and severe events in the Earth's atmosphere, such as heat waves or powerful cyclones.
overflow of a body of water onto land.
precipitation that falls as ice.
tropical storm with wind speeds of at least 119 kilometers (74 miles) per hour. Hurricanes are the same thing as typhoons, but usually located in the Atlantic Ocean region.
space probe designed to land on a moon, planet, asteroid, or other celestial body.
mathematical value between the two extremes of a set of numbers. Also called the average.
person who studies patterns and changes in Earth's atmosphere.
image or impression of an object used to represent the object or system.
natural satellite of a planet.
something that is learned from watching and measuring an object or pattern.
path of one object around a more massive object.
to move in a circular pattern around a more massive object.
large, spherical celestial body that regularly rotates around a star.
device for measuring rain or other forms of liquid precipitation, usually in millimeters. Also called a precipitation gauge, udometer, pluviometer, or ombrometer.
object that orbits around something else. Satellites can be natural, like moons, or made by people.
device for measuring humidity that uses two thermometers: one measures the air temperature while the bulb of the other is kept cool and moist. The sling psychrometer is whirled around until moisture from the wet bulb evaporates.
light and heat from the sun.
the sun and the planets, asteroids, comets, and other bodies that orbit around it.
set of scientific instruments and tools launched from Earth to study the atmosphere and composition of space and other planets, moons, or celestial bodies.
degree of hotness or coldness measured by a thermometer with a numerical scale.
topographic features of an area.
device that measures temperature.
cloud that produces thunder and lightning, often accompanied by heavy rains.
a violently rotating column of air that forms at the bottom of a cloud and touches the ground.
to pass along information or communicate.
lacking the physical presence of a person.
the ability to see or be seen with the unaided eye. Also called visual range.
state of the atmosphere, including temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness.
instrument that orbits the Earth to track weather and patterns in the atmosphere.
force and velocity of wind.
device that rotates to show the direction the wind is blowing. Also called a weather vane.
For Further Exploration
Articles & Profiles
- National Geographic Education: Profile—Real-World Geography: Dr. Randall Cerveny
- National Geographic Education: Article—Meteorological Sleuth
- NASA: Mars Climate Orbiter
- NASA: Mars Exploration Rovers
- NASA: Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
- NASA: New Horizons
- Web Weather for Kids
- NASA: Space Place—Planet X-treme Weather
- NASA: Cassini-Huygens
- Weather Wiz Kids
- NASA: Mariner 1-2 to Venus
- NASA: Galileo to Jupiter
- Nat Geo Movies: Wildest Weather in the Solar System
- NASA: SAGE
- NASA: About the SOHO Mission