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What is Geography?

Audience versions of this page: Educators Families

Connecting with Space and Place

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time. Read More...

Physical Geography

Physical geography is the study of Earth’s seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil, streams, landforms, and oceans.

Human Geography

Human geography is the study of the distribution of networks of people and cultures on Earth’s surface.

Geography Basics

What is the diffference between a GPS and a GIS? Browse our reference library for information about geography terms you should know.

Learn Geography Celebrate Geography Do Geography

Explore Geography

Discover the amazing world of geography with NatGeoEd's resources, materials, games and more.


Navigate iconic National Geographic maps with new interactive features. Use tools for creating custom materials that can be easily printed and shared.

Featured Mapping

Geography on the Job

What can you do with a background in geography? Browse examples of awesome geographers and why they love their careers!

Geography on the Job

Learn How Different People Apply Geography to Their Work

What Can You Do With Geography?

Learn About How Geography is Used in a Variety of Careers

Featured Geographer Profiles

This collection contains a selection of content from NG Education about how people use geography in their careers. Use search to find more.

Mapping Cuba

Video. Juan José Valdés, a child refugee from Cuba, relates how he became the cartographer of the National Geographic Society and produced its first map of Cuba in over 100 years.

Explore More!

Show off your geography skills with these cool websites and programs.

National Geographic Bee

Test your geography skills on the Bee website. Take quizzes, read about past participants, and find sample questions to help prepare your students for the challenge.

Mission: Explore

Learn about geography in an entirely new way with short adventures for all ages.