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What is Geography?

Audience versions of this page: Educators Students

Connecting with Space and Place

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time. Read More...

Physical Geography

Physical geography is the study of Earth’s seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil, streams, landforms, and oceans.

Human Geography

Human geography is the study of the distribution of networks of people and cultures on Earth’s surface.

Geography Basics

What is the difference between a GPS and a GIS? Browse our reference library for information about geography terms you should know.

Learn Geography Celebrate Geography Do Geography

Explore Geography

Discover the amazing world of geography with NatGeoEd's resources, materials, games and more.


Navigate iconic National Geographic maps with new interactive features. Use tools for creating custom materials that can be easily printed and shared.

Featured Mapping

Geography on the Job

Browse examples of awesome geographers and why they love their careers!

What Can You Do With Geography?

Video. A look into what can you do with Geography, as students around the country prepare for the 2012 National Geographic Bee.

Featured Geographer Profiles

This collection contains a selection of content from NG Education about how people use geography in their careers. Use search to find more.

Do You Have What it Takes?

GeoBee Challenge HD

Each year thousands of schools in the United States participate in the National Geographic Bee. This contest, for students in Grades 4-8, is designed to encourage teachers to include geography in their classrooms, spark student interest in the subject, and increase public awareness about geography. Do you have what it takes? Test your geographic knowledge with this entertaining and challenging app.