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What is Geography?

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Connecting with Space and Place

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time. Read More...

Physical Geography

Physical geography is the study of Earth’s seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil, streams, landforms, and oceans.

Human Geography

Human geography is the study of the distribution of networks of people and cultures on Earth’s surface.

Geography Basics

What is the difference between a GPS and a GIS? Browse our reference library for information about geography terms you should know.

Geography on the Job

What can you do with a background in geography? Browse examples of awesome geographers and why they love their careers!

Teach Geography Learn Geography Celebrate Geography Do Geography

Explore Geography

Discover the amazing world of geography with NatGeoEd's resources, materials, games and more.


Navigate iconic National Geographic maps with new interactive features. Use tools for creating custom materials that can be easily printed and shared.

Featured Mapping

Network of Alliances (Join Us!)

Network of Alliances for Geographic Education

Join your state's geography education alliance for professional development opportunities and more.