People, ideas and businesses can spread from one place in the world to another. This is called globalization. People become more connected and start having more in common.
Globalization In History
Globalization has a long history.
For example, Greek culture spread from Europe to the rest of the ancient world. This was thousands of years ago.
Many years later, Europeans started colonizing other countries. They took over those countries in order to get their goods.
Globalization sped up 200 years ago. Many businesses got metal and other goods from distant lands. They got these goods for little or no money.
About 100 years ago, globalization sped up even more. Goods, people and ideas could move around more easily. Some of the reasons were airplanes and the Internet.
Globalization depends on how ideas are spread. News zips around the world on the Internet. People can read the same news all over the world.
Many people in the world use cellphones. A farmer in Nigeria can talk to his cousin in New York City, New York. Nigeria is a country in Africa.
Being able to travel around the world also helps globalization. Each year, millions of people move from one country to another. They are looking for better jobs.
People do not travel just for work. Millions of people take vacations to other countries.
Travelers learn about new ideas, goods and services. They know more about other cultures.
Popular culture has also become more globalized. People in the United States like listening to South African music. They read Japanese comic books. American TV shows are popular in Israel.
People also eat foods from different countries. At the same time, there are American fast-food chains around the world. McDonald's has restaurants in more than 100 countries.
People all over the world buy from American companies. Many countries buy oil from Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East.
Most large companies have offices all around the world. Many of them have moved factories to poorer countries. This is called outsourcing. The company can pay workers less in the poorer country.
Globalization can have good effects. People are able to get medicines they don't have in their country. Globalization also brings poor people new jobs.
But not everyone likes globalization. Some people worry that their own cultures will be lost. Everyone might start eating hamburgers and watching Hollywood movies.
Some say globalization is also bad for workers. Even if people in poor countries have new jobs, they probably don't get good ones. Also, when companies move across the world, they take away jobs from the rich countries.
But other people say globalization is good. They say that workers would be worse off without these jobs. This helps poor countries get more jobs and become richer.
Globalization is also good for rich countries. The people there get to buy cheaper goods.
in a foreign country.
to increase speed or velocity.
(356-323 BCE) Greek ruler, explorer, and conqueror.
unable to pay debts.
Battle in Seattle
(1999) protest of the 1999 meeting of the World Trade Organization in Seattle, Wash.
mainstream Indian film industry.
natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land.
device that uses radio signals to transmit and receive voice and other data.
plant native to the Americas whose fruit and seeds are cultivated for food and spice.
people and culture focused on the teachings of Jesus and his followers.
(1446-1506) Italian navigator.
complex way of life that developed as humans began to develop urban settlements.
gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet.
people and land separated by distance or culture from the government that controls them.
sharing of information and ideas.
to address a problem or person directly.
questionable or leading to argument.
business made up of a group of stockholders, or people who own interest in the business.
traditional clothing of a region or country.
cloth made from fibers of the cotton plant.
food associated with India that features spicy sauces, vegetables and sometimes meat.
buying, selling and transporting of illegal drugs.
part of the business cycle when the exchange of goods and services slows down. Also called a recession.
system of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
to form or officially organize.
process of enlarging.
good or service traded to another area.
a building or room that serves a specific function.
one or more buildings used for the manufacture of a product.
having to do with the transmission of light through transparent fibers.
burning or having to do with heat.
situation where banks, credit unions, and other institutions suddenly lose much of their value.
item assembled and ready for sale.
international exchange of goods and services without taxes or other fees.
connection of different parts of the world resulting in the expansion of international cultural, economic, and political activities.
(HSBC Holdings plc) one of the largest banks in the world.
process of moving to a new country or region with the intention of staying and living there.
good traded from another area.
event or happening.
change in economic and social activities, beginning in the 18th century, brought by the replacement of hand tools with machinery and mass production.
nickname for the current era of humanity, starting with widespread public access to the internet (the World Wide Web) in the early 1990s. Also called the Computer Age.
International Criminal Court
organization that tries people accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
vast, worldwide system of linked computers and computer networks.
workers or people who are physically and legally able to work. Also called the workforce.
South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico.
type of light cotton cloth. Madras is also the former name of the city of Chennai, India.
central place for the sale of goods.
largest restaurant chain in the world.
person who sells goods and services.
person who regularly moves from place to place, usually in search of work.
machine used for grinding or crushing various materials.
an event occurring naturally that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcano, earthquake, or hurricane.
series of links along which movement or communication can take place.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
(1994) treaty between the United States, Canada, and Mexico that reduced tariffs and made trade easier between the countries.
fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Also known as petroleum or crude oil.
process of moving jobs and factories to developing countries in order to lower costs.
dough rolled or made into shapes and then boiled.
goods, services, ideas, and patterns of their use in a population.
place on a body of water where ships can tie up or dock and load and unload cargo.
status of having very little money or material goods.
money earned after production costs and taxes are subtracted.
very rapid growth or increase in production.
matter that needs to be processed into a product to use or sell.
a system of spiritual or supernatural belief.
ancient trade route through Central Asia linking China and the Mediterranean Sea.
alike or resembling.
electronic programs of code that tell computers what to do.
standard of living
amount of goods and services a person in a specific community or geographic area is able to afford.
bite-sized rolls or balls of sticky rice topped with seafood or vegetables.
tax imposed on imports or exports.
money or goods citizens provide to government in return for public services such as military protection.
use of violence and threats of violence to influence political decisions.
to develop and be successful.
person who travels for pleasure.
buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services.
path followed by merchants or explorers to exchange goods and services.
movement from one place to another.
money paid to a person for providing goods or services.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
group that works with governments and international organizations to regulate trade and resolve trade disputes between countries.