1. Build background.
Show students the photo of paleontologists working on a fossil dig. Ask students to describe what is happening in the photo. Remind students to use observational skills to look for tools, geographic clues, and the work being done.
2. Introduce paleontologist Paul Sereno.
Tell students that scientist Paul Sereno searches for, discovers, and studies fossil remains. Explain that scientists who do this work are paleontologists. Explain to students that on a dig in sub-Saharan Africa, Sereno discovered the fossil remains of Sarcosuchus imperator, a name that means “flesh crocodile emperor”. Ask: Why do you think its nickname is SuperCroc? Tell students that SuperCroc was one of the largest crocodilians to ever walk the Earth. This SuperCroc was 12 meters (40 feet) long—as long as a city bus—and weighed about 8 metric tons (17,500 pounds).
3. Distribute the handout.
Distribute the handout Meet a Paleontologist to each student. Read aloud the introduction.
4. Have students read the interview aloud.
Ask a pair of students to read the adapted interview aloud, with each student playing the role of interviewer or interviewee.
5. Check students’ comprehension.
Check students’ comprehension. Write new vocabulary words on the board and discuss them with students. Have students answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper and then discuss them as a class.
- Why does Paul Sereno think science is fun? (He believes that science is all about discovery and creativity, and asking questions or finding answers that no one else has.)
- Why does Paul Sereno think it is important to study dinosaurs? (Dinosaurs are a connection to the distant past, a time that we can only dream about or think about scientifically.)
- Where did Paul Sereno find SuperCroc? (in Africa)
- What did SuperCroc look like? (Its skull was 2 meters, or 6 feet, long and its body was 12 meters, or 40 feet, long.)
- Why do you think it is named SuperCroc? (This prehistoric crocodile was twice as long and many times heavier than modern crocodiles.)
6. Have students brainstorm questions.
Ask students to brainstorm additional questions they might have about paleontologists and their work. Write the list on the board.
Extending the Learning
Go to the Sea Monsters website to find out more about sea monsters and to find a list of theaters where you can see the film Sea Monsters: A Prehistoric Adventure. Encourage students to look for answers to their questions from Step 6 as they watch the film Sea Monsters: A Prehistoric Adventure.
Subjects & Disciplines
- English Language Arts
- explain the work of paleontologists
- describe SuperCroc
- Multimedia instruction
This activity targets the following skills:
Critical Thinking Skills
- Geographic Skills
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
IRA/NCTE Standards for the English Language Arts
- Standard 3: Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
National Geography Standards
- Standard 17: How to apply geography to interpret the past
National Science Education Standards
- (K-4) Standard G-1: Science as a human endeavor
- Earth science
What You’ll Need
Materials You Provide
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers
- Plug-Ins: Flash
Paleontology is a science dealing with the life of past geological periods as known from fossil remains. Paleontologists look for, discover, excavate, and study fossils to learn about life on Earth during prehistoric times.
Recommended Prior Activities
Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry fossil Noun
remnant, impression, or trace of an ancient organism.
Encyclopedic Entry: fossil fossil dig Noun
site of a field study or excavation by paleontologists or archaeologists.
person who studies fossils and life from early geologic periods.
the study of fossils and life from early geologic periods.
Encyclopedic Entry: paleontology SuperCroc Noun
prehistoric crocodile that lived in Africa and grew to lengths of 11-12 meters (37-40 feet).
This material is based in part upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DRL-1114251. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.