• Tips & Modifications


    Some local malls make their maps available online. If helpful, use a projector to display the online map for students and make this a whole-class activity.

    1. Activate students’ prior knowledge.
    Ask students to raise their hands if they have ever been to a shopping center or mall. Have students brainstorm the kinds of stores and services that might be found in a shopping center. Use the following prompts, if needed:

    • What kinds of stores are at a mall?
    • Can you eat there?
    • Can you see a movie at a mall?
    • What else can you do there?

    Tell students that they will look at a map of a mall to figure out what places there are important to different people.

    2. Have pairs of students analyze a map of a mall.
    Divide students into pairs. Distribute maps of a local shopping mall, if possible. Tell students the name of the mall, and ask how many have been there. Explain that the map shows where everything is in the mall. Ask: Why is it important for a shopping mall to provide maps? Elicit from students that maps help people find their way around. Have pairs find a main entrance and circle it on their maps. Then have them look at the map key. Explain that a map key uses symbols to represent specific places or services. Point out the symbols for restrooms, bank machines, restaurants, an information desk, and security. Have pairs locate a restroom close to the entrance and circle it on their maps. Then have them find a restroom far away from the entrance and circle it. Discuss how long it might take to walk to each restroom from the entrance they circled.

    3. Have students locate and vote on important places.
    Have students imagine that they are hungry and need to find a place to eat. Have them use the key to find the places that serve food. Discuss the different options available. Ask students which place they would choose to eat. Have students raise their hands to vote for each restaurant or food option. Tally the votes on the board.

    4. Discuss why different places are important to different people.
    Discuss whether or not there was one place where most students wanted to eat, and other places where fewer students wanted to eat. Ask:

    • Why is the place you chose important to you?
    • Would your friends choose the same place? Why or why not?
    • Would your family members choose the same place? Why or why not?


    5. Have students draw conclusions.
    Ask students what conclusions they can draw about why different people value different places. They should recognize that personal experiences help to shape which places people value.

    Extending the Learning

    Have students check the map for as many DOGSTAILS as they can find and circle and label them. If needed, review DOGSTAILS with students:

    Date: when the map was made
    Orientation: direction (north arrow or compass rose)
    Grid: lines that cross to form squares
    Scale: map distance
    Title: what, where, and when
    Author: who made the map
    Index: the part of the grid where specific information can be located
    Legend: what the symbols mean
    Sources: who provided information for the map

  • Subjects & Disciplines

    Learning Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify places that are important to them
    • analyze a map and map key
    • locate and vote on important places on a map
    • draw conclusions about why different places are important to different people

    Teaching Approach

    • Learning-for-use

    Teaching Methods

    • Brainstorming
    • Discussions
    • Hands-on learning

    Skills Summary

    This activity targets the following skills:

    Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices

    National Council for Social Studies Curriculum Standards

    • Theme 3:  People, Places, and Environments

    National Geography Standards

    • Standard 1:  How to use maps and other geographic representations, geospatial technologies, and spatial thinking to understand and communicate information
    • Standard 4:  The physical and human characteristics of places
  • What You’ll Need

    Materials You Provide

    • Maps of a shopping mall
    • Markers

    Required Technology

    • Internet Access: Optional
    • Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector

    Physical Space

    • Classroom


    • Small-group instruction
  • Background Information

    Places are important to people for many different reasons. By exploring a map of your local mall with others, you can discover what places different people value—and why.

    Prior Knowledge

    • None

    Recommended Prior Activities


    Term Part of Speech Definition Encyclopedic Entry
    key Noun

    an explanation of symbols and abbreviations used on a map, also known as a legend.

    map symbol Noun

    representation of one piece of data displayed as part of a larger representation of spatial information.