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Tell students that Activity 1 (Constructing an Argument) of the lesson What is the Future of Earth's Climate? introduces the structure of the scientific argumentation they will be asked to do in the rest of the lesson. Tell students that Activity 1 will give them practice with analyzing a data set and making a good scientific argument from the evidence. Encourage students to review the questions and example best answers provided in Activity 1 before starting on the current activity.

Subjects & Disciplines

  • Earth Science

Teaching Approach

  • Inquiry-based learning

Teaching Methods

  • Self-directed learning
  • Self-paced learning
  • Writing

Skills Summary

This activity targets the following skills:

  • Critical Thinking Skills
    • Creating

What You’ll Need

Materials You Provide

  • Computers with Internet connection

Required Technology

  • Internet Access: Required

Background Information

Prior Knowledge

  • None

Recommended Prior Activities

  • None



to state as the truth.


data that can be measured, observed, examined, and analyzed to support a conclusion.


having to do with the sun.

solar flare

explosion in the sun's atmosphere, which releases a burst of energy and charged particles into the solar system.


dark, cooler area on the surface of the sun that can move, change, and disappear over time.


degree of hotness or coldness measured by a thermometer with a numerical scale.



This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DRL-1220756. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.