- Remind students of the required components of their outreach campaign using the checklist from the Human Impact on Water Security Campaign: Project Rubric:
- Objectives: The long-term outcomes and short-term outcomes you wish to achieve.
- Target audience: the relevant individuals or groups you want to target with your message.
- Message: the main message you want to share to raise awareness and inspire action.
- Methods: a description of how you will raise awareness.
- Features the Himalaya or a local watershed.
- Represents a cause and effect relationship between humans and water security.
- Revisit the Human Impact on Water Security Campaign: Project Rubric to ensure students understand how their final products will be assessed.
- Allow students at least 60 minutes in class to work on their public outreach campaigns using the available materials.
2. Facilitate as students present their public outreach campaign plans and scientific arguments to an audience of peers, experts, and community members.
- Decide in advance if you will have students share their projects one at a time or if you will have a Gallery Walk style presentation.
- Have students brainstorm two to three focus questions to elicit feedback from their classmates/audience and record these in a visible place.
- Distribute the Modeling Human Impact on Water Security Project Rubric and the focus questions that students brainstormed; students and other audience members will use them to evaluate the campaign plans and the students’ accompanying scientific argumentation.
3. Prompt students to engage in a reflection on the project.
- Lead students in a discussion in which they reflect on the project. Physically move students’ chairs in a circle. Use the following prompts as guides for the discussion:
- What are some key ideas that you’ll probably always remember from the project?
- What part was the most challenging?
- What part did you enjoy most?
- If you could do something different, what would it be?
- If you could change one thing about this project, what would it be?
- What is one thing you’ll do differently related to water to ensure water security?
4. Assess students’ understanding of the A Ripple Effect lesson of the Peak Water: Mount Everest and Global Water Supply unit through an exit ticket.
- Use the prompt below to assess students’ understanding of the main concepts covered in the A Ripple Effect lesson. Have students respond individually to this prompt on an exit ticket:
- Using evidence from this lesson’s activities, explain:
- How droughts occur
- How climate change and human activities can make droughts worse and make them last longer.
Use the Modeling Human Impact on Water Security Project Rubric to assess students’ understanding of the key concepts of the unit via their campaign plans and scientific arguments. Additionally, the audience feedback, student responses to the final reflection questions, and/or the peer evaluations can all be used to inform your final assessment of each student’s individual understanding and contribution to the project. Use the exit ticket in Step 4 to assess students’ understanding of the A Ripple Effect lesson.
Extending the Learning
Share students’ work in a public location, such as a library, watershed center, science museum, or other relevant location.
Subjects & Disciplines
- Produce a public education outreach campaign with a detailed and annotated sketch of their proposal.
- Share their proposal and scientific argument with an audience.
- Provide feedback on other students’ projects.
- Reflect on the project.
- Project-based learning
- Hands-on learning
- Self-directed learning
- 21st Century Student Outcomes
- 21st Century Themes
Critical Thinking Skills
Science and Engineering Practices
- Developing and using models
- Engaging in argument from evidence
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.3: Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. SL.6.3 / SL.7.3 / SL.8.3
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4: Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.5: Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize salient points.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.6: Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 7 Language standards 1 and 3 here for specific expectations.)
Next Generation Science Standards
- MS. Earth and Human Activity: MS-ESS3-5. Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
- MS-ESS3-4: Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human and natural resources impact Earth's systems.
- Science and Engineering Practice 1: Asking questions and defining problems
- Science and Engineering Practice 8: Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.
What You’ll Need
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Optional
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per pair
Prior to the activity:
- Identify and invite guests to engage with students’ campaign plans and arguments.
- Let students know what materials are available for them to use for their visual components of their projects.
You may decide to showcase students’ work in a place other than the classroom, such as the gymnasium, media center, library, performance space, theater, or auditorium.
- Heterogeneous grouping
- Large-group learning
- Small-group work
The production of a scientific argument and engaging in feedback or review of one’s work are authentic to the work of scientists. Students are taking the roles of artists, public educators, scientific communicators, and audience members in this activity, which are all authentic roles that can be found in the world outside the classroom. These roles are relevant to the student because they will be invested in the campaign proposals they create. They will find presenting their products relevant if the audience is authentic, and students will find their role as audience members relevant if they are able to provide meaningful feedback to their peers.
highest spot on Earth, approximately 8,850 meters (29,035 feet). Mount Everest is part of the Himalaya and straddles the border of Nepal and China.
to recycle one or more items to create an object that is worth more than the original product.